History Of Snowboarding

What is the history of Snowboarding?



Snowboarding became popular only in the last 10 years. It was pioneered in the late 70's by a small group including Jake Burton Carpenter, Chuck Barfoot, and Tom Sims. Most of these pioneers now have their own snowboard companies, with Jake Burton's company (Burton) being the largest snowboard manufacturer in the world. All of the early pioneers were heavily influenced by surfboarding. The roots really start with the snurfer, that sled hill toy you may have ridden as a kid, shaped like a small water ski with a rope tied to the nose and a rough surface for traction from the center to the back where you stood. Sherman Poppin was the inventor of the snurfer which first appeared in the 1960s. As it turns out Jake Burton was involved in snurfer racing, a gag event put on by a group of bored college students. Well, he got the bright idea to put a foot retention device (little more than a strap at first) on his boards and began to win these events hands down. At about this same time several other people were busy inventing the sport. Jeff Grell is credited with designing the first highback binding. Demetre Malovich started Winterstick, which didn't make it financially. He introduced several important factors early on in the sport like swallowtail designs, and laminated construction. Boots evolved from Sorels (TM) or Sno-pac type boots. Early "snowboard" boots were Sorel shells with ski boot type bladders. It was obvious that these early boots did not supply adequate support for the ankle and inhibited control of the boards. The first hard-shell "snowboard" boots were in fact ski boots. It didn't take long for the first true hard-shell boot to be produced before the end of the eighties. Burton set up shop at Stratton Mountain in Vermont and by 1985 had incorporated steel edges and high-back bindings into his designs. The metal edges allowed use at regular ski resorts and the rest is hiss-toe-ree. In 1985 only 7 percent of U.S. ski areas allowed snowboards; today more than 97 percent do and over half have half pipes. -------------A.S. Vid
History Of Skateboarding

What is the history of Skateboarding?



Skateboarding was harvested the morning that roller skates were attached to the bottom of a surfboard by a unknown unique individual. Roller skating on it's own was a fairly new invention in that time period, but it had its roots in the ancient art of ice skating. The skateboard received a lot more from surfing than just a foam board. It also inherited its culture and lifestyle from surfing (wave riding, not internet browsing. Give us our word back!). After all, the purpose of the skateboard was to practice surfing. For all of you who have not had the privilege to skate down Birmingham to check the reef cracking before your surf session, museum's in California and abroad provide description's of the surfing-skateboard culture crossover. Like all good inventions, the skateboard was reinvented several times. Its simple design and dynamic limitless boundaries have allowed it to spawn into the sport or if you wish, lifestyle that it is today. The design of the skateboard has changed very much throughout its evolution, as can be seen at all good skateboard museums. Oddly enough the first skateboard decks were in the shape of surfboards, but when people found out that the new boards didn't have to float, they rapidly became thinner. It wasn't until 1958 that the skateboard we really know was born. Naturally, it was in a Southern California surf shop were shop owner Bill Richards and his son Mark made a deal with the Chicago Roller Skate Company to produce sets of skateboard wheels. They then mounted them to square wooden boards and the sk8 was on it way. "Sidewalk surfing" came on like a tidal wave. The kids of Southern California's Hermosa Junior High school held the first skateboarding competition and over 100 people showed up. The following year in 1965, the first National Skateboard Championships grabbed a spot on ABC's "Wide World of Sports. In 1971 Richard Stevenson of Southern California invented the tail of the skateboard. Technically, he designed an upward curve called a "kicktail" at the back of the board that made it more easy to maneuver and made it feel more like a real surfboard. Two years later Frank Nasworthy reinvented the wheel. He made it out of polyurethane. He designed the wheel for roller skates, but it worked like a charm on skateboards. Bill Bahne of Bahne skateboards and the Logan family of Southern California brought skateboard production into the mainstream, with the Logan Earth Ski being based from wood (real thick) and the Bahne skateboard being formed from layers of flexible fiberglass, ahead of it's time with a thin design and flexibility. In the late 1970's, more than 40 million skateboards were sold. Parks designed exclusively for skateboarding opened around the USA, three hundred at one time. Other kids flocked to empty swimming pools, and reservoir drain canals, where sloping concrete surfaces served as launching pads for the new skate sensation hitting the world from America. Professional skateboarder Mike Weed does a 180-turn during a 1977 demonstration, Mr. Weaver does that timeless crouched soul turn in La Costa, Southern California, Tony Hawk pulls a huge aerial out of a Carlsbad, Southern California swimming pool and the rest is as they say, is "History" -------------A.S. Vid
History Of Surfing

The Pipeline
What is the history of Surfing?

The ancient Hawaiians left us accurate evidence of the sport. Petroglyphs of surfers, carved into the lava-rock landscape, and chants that tell the stories of great surfing feats, carried a symbolic lore throughout the generations. Some of these chants date as far back as 1500 A.D., which leads us to believe that surfing may have begun long before this time in the Polynesian culture. What we do know about the origin of surfing in Hawaii is that it was part of the Kapu system of laws, which held Hawaiian royalty above the commoners in the kingdom. Chiefs used surfing and other Hawaiian sports as competition to maintain their strength, agility and command over their people. The Kapu system also determined how, why and with what materials surfboards were to be made. The type of wood used in making a board depended on the future rider's status in society. Class distinction in old Hawaii was as apparent in the ownership of surfboards as it was in all other aspects of the culture. If shaping the board for the alii or ruling class, a really long surfboard between 14 and 16 feet long was superiorly crafted using premium wood. Hawaiians often made this larger board, called an olo, with the light and more buoyant wood from the wiliwili tree. Because of their size, these boards could weigh up to 175 pounds. The other board, called an alai, was normally intended for the commoners and was made smaller, 10 to 12 feet, with a heavier and denser wood, koa. After the craftsmen selected the wood to be used, they prayed and placed a ceremonial fish, kumu, in a hole near the tree's roots. Only after this ritual was completed could the tree be cut down. They then hauled the tree away and chipped and shaped it to size with a bone or stone adze. When they achieved the general shape and size of the board, they took it to the halau, or canoe house, near the beach for the finishing touches. With pohaku puna (granulated coral) or oahi (rough stone), craftsmen would remove the adze marks on the board's surface. After the board had been sufficiently planed, they applied a black finish to its surface with the root of the ti plant, hili (pounded bark) or the stain from banana buds. Sometimes they acquired the dark stain by rubbing the soot from burned kukui nuts into the wood. Once this black stain had dried, the board's surface was treated with kukui oil, giving it a glossy finish. When the surfboard was finished, its creators dedicated it before its first voyage into the sea. After each use, it was habitually treated with coconut oil and wrapped in tapa cloth to preserve and protect the wood. Through all this laboring detail, the surfboard became a valuable and revered part of Hawaiian culture. Surfing rituals and the sport itself continued in the Kapu system until missionaries from New England began arriving in 1820. The missionaries believed surfing and other Hawaiian sports to be hedonistic acts and a waste of time. They adamantly preached against the sports' existence in Hawaii. By 1890, surfing in Hawaii was nearly extinct, with the sport practiced in only a few places. The rapidly growing agricultural empire coming into place, coupled with the immigration of foreigners, also contributed to the decline of surfing, along with many other sacred aspects of the Polynesian culture. If not for the dedication of a few Hawaiian kings like David Kalakau, an advocate of all Hawaiian sports, surfing may not have survived to see the 20th century. In 1905, a teenager named Duke Kahanamoku and his friends began to gather under a hau (lowland) tree at Waikiki beach. Duke and his friends, who spent their days surfing, later created their own surfing club, Hui Nalu, or "The Club of the Waves." By this time, the missionaries' influence over the island had begun to decline, freeing up an avenue for the reintroduction of surfing in Hawaii. Duke and his friends later became known as the famous "Beach Boys of Waikiki" and are credited with the rebirth of surfing in Hawaii. Another individual who played an important part in the revitalization of surfing in Hawaii was also the first to bring the sport to California. In 1907, California land developer Henry Huntington asked Irish Hawaiian George Freeth to give a surfing demonstration at the opening of the Redondo-Los Angeles railroad at Redondo beach. Freeth was also the first person to create a shorter surfboard by cutting the large 16-foot design in half. His introduction of surfing to the spectators on the beaches of California ignited a revolution in both surfboard design and wave-riding techniques. The California shores soon became grounds for surfing expansion and innovation. Over the following years, the freedom to experiment in size, weight and shape, along with the introduction of fins and styrofoam, became popular topics for surfers looking to equip themselves for the larger and more challenging surf in places such as the perilous North Shore of Oahu during the winter months. The gentle waves found at Waikiki beach were perfect for the promotion of surfing, but it was the lure of giant waves that prompted the real dares for surfers looking to put it all on the line. By 1955, the attraction of the North Shore's swells had brought on a migration of surfers from California in search of the ultimate ride down some of the world's biggest waves. Perhaps the most famous of these big wave breaks can be found at Oahu's Walmea Bay or the Pipeline. When the winter swells hit at Waimea it is not uncommon to see waves climb to over 25 feet in height.

History Of WakeBoarding
What is the history of WakeBoarding?

Wakeboarding came directly from the great sport of kings, surfing. Some surfers got a water ski rope and towed themselves behind a boat or a truck on the shore. From that shorter boards evolved and in 1985 a San Diego surfer named Tony Finn developed the skurfer. In the beginning surfers used a board without straps or bindings. In the summer of 1985, Mike and Mark Pascoe, two windsurfing friends of Finn gave him a couple of foot straps and inserts to drill into the skurfer. Skurfers took the sport from free boarding into something apart from surfing and much more progressive then water skiing. Tony Finn promoted, popularized and marketed the skurfer. The sport of ski-boarding was born evolving into wakeboarding. The hyperlight wakeboard was invented by Herb O'Brien. He developed the board into what it is known today as the wakeboard. All this happend
around 1990. It became a sport in 1992 and is still increasing in popularity. Today the wakeboard is usualy used with two fins some times six yes six in the case of Liquid Force.
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